You’ve put locks on all the cupboards, have baby-gated the stairs; the toilet seat is clamped shut, alarms on all the doors, and even got the socks with tread on the bottom to keep them from falling down. Yep, there’s no way your baby’s getting hurt in this house.
Unfortunately, kids are awfully good at figuring those child-locks out, sometimes better than adults, and you cannot baby proof the entire world. So how can a parent keep their baby safe?
Knowing these eight important first aid skills can be invaluable in an emergency situation, and can help a parent spring into action when a crisis does occur. Don’t just stand there with no idea what to do, brush up on these first aid skills now so you’ll be ready for any parenting nightmare!
Treating A Sting
Treating a sting is simple when you’re prepared for it. Disinfect the area your child was stung, and a pair of tweezers, with a bit of alcohol. Gently pull the stinger out with the tweezers, or if it is too small, your fingernails. Once you are sure you got the stinger out, apply ice to the area to reduce the swelling. If your little one still seems uncomfortable, you could put a dab of antihistamine cream on the sting.
Young children are prime targets for most bugs because they’re sometimes unable to defend themselves from these pesky creatures. You should always take preventative measures when you have a small child outside. Dress them in protective clothing, and cover their strollers, and play pens, with netting.
What To Do if Your Baby Chokes
Parents are constantly on the look-out for choking hazards, and trying to eliminate the risks. Perhaps the scariest thing about it is when a baby chokes they cannot scream or cry, so its impossible for them to alert you to the problem. If you ever find yourself in this critical situation don’t panic.
Position your child so they are laying face down across your forearm. Keep their head and neck lower than their chest, and be sure to support their neck by placing their chin in your hand. Once you’ve positioned them on your arm, deliver firm blows to their back with your other hand. You should be hitting between their shoulder blades.
When done correctly this should dislodge the item that’s caught in their throat. If your child becomes unconscious, you’ll have to switch to CPR. Have someone else call 911 while you are doing this.
You can prevent choking, or at least lessen the risk, by avoiding hazardous foods like hard candy, hotdogs, pop corn, or small toys. If something is tiny enough to fit through a paper towel tube, it should never be given to a young child.
Treating a Cut or Scrape
Toddlers fall multiple times a day, especially during the learning to walk phase. Most of the time a fall will result in a bump or bruise, but sometimes you might find yourself having to patch up a cut or scrape.
The best way to handle a scrape or cut is by washing the area with a mild antibacterial soap, applying some sort of antibiotic cream, and putting a Band-Aid on the wound.
It should heal on its own just fine, provided your little one leaves the bandage alone. If the bleeding does not stop, or the cut is quite deep, you should take them to be seen by a medical professional because stitches may be needed.
Treating a Burn
Children are more sensitive to burns because their skin is much more delicate. A mild sunburn or first degree burns can be treated at home, but anything beyond that needs medical treatment.
Mild burns can be treated by applying Aloe, or a moisturizer containing Aloe, and covering the burn with a damp gauze pad.
For a more serious burn, follow the steps below:
- Call an ambulance, or if there is someone else around have them call.
- Wrap your child in a sheet or blanket until help arrives to prevent hypothermia.
- Run cold water on the burn until help arrives, or cover the burn with a clean gauze pad and take your child to the nearest emergency room.
Treating Eye Injuries
Because the risk of blinding your child is high, eye injuries need to be handled with care. If your baby gets something in their eye, flush it with clean water for ten minutes while holding the eye open. If you have an eye flushing kit handy, follow the instructions in the package.
If you suspect there is still something in their eye, or you know something big has entered the eye, you should take your baby to a doctor immediately. Waiting too long, or trying to handle it yourself, could result in irreversible damage.
Treating a Nosebleed
Nosebleeds are really common among children, and can be caused by a number of different things. When dealing with nose bleeds, your first priority is to stop the bleeding.
A common misconception among people is that to do this you must tilt your head back, but this could not be further from the truth. What you actually want to do is to have your child tilt their head forward and apply gentle pressure to the bridge of the nose/nostrils.
If the bleeding does not stop within ten minutes, you should visit your pediatrician immediately.
Treating a Head Injury
Babies, especially those beginning to walk, fall down quite often. Sometimes the falls result in a bumped head. If you ever believe they hit their head extremely hard, or they lose consciousness, you should seek medical attention immediately, otherwise:
- Prompt your child to lay down and rest.
- Apply a cold compress to the spot where they hit on their head.
- Watch them closely for other, more serious, signs.
If at any time they begin vomiting, showing signs of confusion, losing their balance, not being able to stay awake, crying uncontrollably, or complaining of a serious headache, you need to get them to a Doctor immedietly.
Accidental Poisoning: what should you do?
It’s a parents responsibility to keep any harmful chemicals or items up and away from children, but let’s face it, accidents happen. If that happens do not try to induce vomiting, as this could lead to bigger problems.
Also, don’t give them anything to eat or drink until you’ve talked to a doctor. You can call poison control for advice, but taking them to be seen by an actual medical professional is always a good idea in cases that involve ingestion. Better safe then sorry!
Tell us your story! What was your child worst injury, and how did you handle it?